Alvin Langdon Coburn
Untitled (Vortograph)
Courtesy of JGS Permanent Collection

After experimenting with multiple exposures, Coburn in 1916 invented a kaleidoscope-like instrument with three mirrors clamped together, which when fitted over the lens of a camera would reflect and fracture the image. The device came to be known as “vortocsope” and the resulting photographs "vortographs”.